T of C
|Personal||email me search me|
04. Mount Qi Melody
- Standard tuning:2 5 6 1 2 3 5 6 played as 1 2 4 5 6 1 2
Mount Qi in Shanxi Province3
The first Zhou capital was near modern Xi'an, but before that time the clan had been centered in the region of Bin, to the northwest.6 To avoid attack by the non-Han Di tribe the clan leader Old Duke Danfu moved south to Mount Qi; but because of his virtues, not only his clan but other people came and joined him.7
Danfu's grandson Wen Wang had two sons, Wu Wang (Military King) and Zhou Gong. After Wen Wang was succeeded by Wu Wang, Zhou Gong became his major adviser in the establishment of the Zhou dynasty. He also helped educate Wu Wang's son Cheng Wang, loyally serving him instead of seeking the throne for himself. This loyal service is also related in the qin melody Feng Lei (Yin.8
The lyrics here can be found in Yuefu Shiji, Folio 57, #18. The preface there to this poem in Yuefu Shiji says only
The Qin Cao introductions as quoted in other sources are quite long and sometimes include lyrics not found here or in Yuefu Shiji. They all tell how Zhou Gong's great grandfather Danfu set a good example by ruling benevolently, and that Zhou Gong himself wrote the melody.9
This title is also found in four later handbooks, but the melodies are different.10
According to Mencius (the following is paraphrased from King Hui of Liang, Part Two),
Music and lyrics: One section12 (translation tentative)
-The setting of Han Yu's lyrics is largely syllabic, following the structure of the lyrics ([4+4] x 6):
Yi wo cheng xu, gan you bu tong.
For me to continue on, I dare to be different.
Jin Di zhi ren, jiang wang wo jiang.
Now the Di people, want my land.
Min wei wo zhan, shei shi si shang.
The people will fight for me, but who would allow such death and misery?
Bi qi you qu, wo wang du chu.
(Mount) Qi is rocky, but I will go there myself.
Er mo yu zhui, wu si wo bei.
People not following me, will not make me preoccupied by sadness.
Footnotes (Shorthand references are explained on a separate page)
Qishan Cao 岐山操
8095.4 Qishan Cao has several early references, beginning with "Name of a Yuefu qin melody". 8095.2 岐山 Qishan (Qi Shan): Mount Qi, a mountain and 縣 district in 陝西 Shanxi province. Has illustration. No connection to 箕山 Jishan or to 谿山/溪山 Xi Shan.
Mode is not directly mentioned in Taigu Yiyin
The illustration is from 8095.4 岐山 Qishan; the original source is not identified.
The 琴操 Qin Cao are discussed elsewhere; all ten are set to music in Taigu Yiyin.
古公亶父 Gugong Danfu
For the story of Gugong Danfu see Nienhauser, The Grand Scribe's Records, Vol. 1, p.56; fn. 16 says he was later called 太王 Tai Wang; Mencius (in King Hui of Liang, part 2) calls him 大王 Da (or Dai) Wang. There is another story of Danfu in the Shi Jing poem Spreading (#237, see Taigu Yiyin #9, Wen Wang Qu).
豳風歌 Song of Bin, a melody found in Qinpu Zhenchuan (1547) concerns the agriculture of this region.
7. 狄 Di became a rather generic term for uncivilized non-Han people to the north (compare 戎 Rong, to the west).(Return)
See the introduction in Fengxuan Xuanpin (1539), #43.
See for example 琴 苑要彔 Qinyuan Yaolu, supposedly a Yuan dynasty publication, and the biography 太王 Tai Wang in the Qin History of 朱長文 Zhu Changwen (1041-1100).
1525 (seven sections); 1585 (same lyrics, different music); 1670 (different music, but the lyrics would fit); 1802 (same lyrics, different music).
Original Chinese preface not yet online.
In Yuefu Shiji the characters in brackets replace the ones in front of them (i.e., the ones here:
Return to the top or to the Taigu Yiyin ToC