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Qin Biographies   /   Qin Shi Bu 首頁
Yi Hai
- Qin Shi Bu #114
義海 1
琴史補 #114 2

Yi Hai, like Zhi Bai, studied qin from Yi Zhong. At present most information here about Yi Hai is in Xu Jian, Qinshi Chubian Chapter 6a1 (p.85). He seems to be associated mostly with Shaoxing, but is also mentioned in connection with Ningbo.3 Qinshu Daquan, e.g., Folio 20A, #43, has poems by Ouyang Xiu about Zhi Bai; this is different from what is here.

Sources given:

  1. 夢溪筆談 Mengxi Bitan by 沈括 Shen Gua (1030 - 1093); same as in QSDQ Folio17, #45; and
  2. 西清詩話 Xiqing Shihua (nfi 35587.441xxx).

The original Qin Shi Bu essay begins as follows:4

Yi Hai was a monk from Yue (Zhejiang). During 976 - 984 the 琴待詔 Hanlin Academy qin official Zhu Wenji was the best qin player in the kingdom. The 京師慧日大夷中 capital city's Wisdom-Sun Monk Yi Zhong completely learned his techniques, then transmitted them to Yi Hai. Having mastered Yi Zhong's art, Yi Hai went to 越州法華山 Fahua Mountain in Yue and practiced them.... (Long essay tells more of Yi Hai).

Further details need to be added.

 
Footnotes (Shorthand references are explained on a separate page)

1. References
義海 Yi Hai (29142.144xxx); sources given are 夢溪筆談 Mengxi Bitan and 西清詩話 Xiqing Shihua.
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2. Yi Hai entry
16 lines.
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3. Original text
The first seven lines concern Yi Hai, as follows:

義海越僧也。興國中琴待朱文濟鼓琴為天下第一。「京師慧」曰:「大師夷中盡得其法,以授越僧義海。海盡夷中之藝,乃入越州法華山習之,謝絕過從,積十年不下山,遂窮其妙。"晝夜手不釋絃,遂窮其妙。天下從海學琴者輻輳,無有臻其奧者。海讀書能為文士大夫多與之遊,然獨以能琴知名。海之藝不在於聲,其意韻蕭然,得於聲外,於眾人所不及也。

This seems to be largely a quote from 夢溪筆談 Mengxi Bitan. After this the text seems to relate a discussion between Ouyang Xiu and Su Dongpo concerning Yi Hai. It thus continues,

六一居士嘗問東坡琴詩執優,東坡答以退之聽穎師琴,公曰:「祇是聽琵琶耳。」或以問海,海曰:「歐陽公一代英偉然斯言誤矣。眤眤兒女語。恩怨相爾汝。」言輕柔細屑,真情出見也;「劃然變軒昂,勇士赴敵場。」....(5 more lines)

Here it seems to reference a poem called 義海論琴詩 Yi Hai Discusses the Qin.
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4. Under Yuan Jue there is some speculation about Yi Hai having a possible Ningbo connection.
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