Wu Wang, original name 姬發 Ji Fa (6368.55), defeated 紂辛 Zhou Xin, the last Shang ruler, on behalf of his father, Wen Wang, but Wu Wang himself is considered the first ruler of the Zhou dynasty. His capital was southwest of contemporary Xi'an at 灃京 Fengjing and/or 鎬京 Haojing (镐京), together known as 灃鎬 Fenghao. Upon Wu Wang's death his younger brother, Zhou Gong, served as regent for Wu Wang's son, Cheng Wang. The biography here quotes Shi Ji, Annal 4, adding the comment about his Lament on the Defeat of Shang (剋商操
Ke Shang Cao), lyrics for which are in YFSJ p.831.
The original Qin Shi entry is as follows:4
Wu Wang took responsibility for matters after the death of Wen Wang. With all his military skill, as soon as he donned his military garb the world settled down. When he returned to Zhou (after defeating Shang) he could not sleep at night. Zhou Gong went to (Wu) Wang's place and asked, Why can you not sleep?" (Wu) Wang said, I have not yet secured the protection of Heaven. How can I have free time for sleep?" From antiquity the Lament on the Defeat of Shang was passed down. This was sadness because he had taken control, but had not yet solved the people's problems. It is not a song exhalting his defeat of Zhou Xin through military skill.
The complete original text is below.
Footnotes (Shorthand references are explained on a
Wu Wang 武王
16623.25 has image.
Qin Shi entry 4
From 三才圖會 Sancai Tuhui
The original Chinese text is as follows
Translation above is tentative.
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