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Chu Shang Liang
- Qin Shi #30
楚商梁 1
琴史 #30 2

The essay here begins by saying Chu Shang Liang may be the same as King Zhuang (of Chu?).3

The account here says Qin Cao4 discusses a melody called Pili Yin.5 This may be related to a story told about Cheng Wang.

The original Qin Shi entry for Chu Shang Liang begins as follows.

Chu Shang Liang when old was perhaps called Zhuang Wang (King Zhuang), but because of a mistake in pronunciation it became Shang Liang. Qin Cao said that when Shang Liang went out to wander in the 九皋之澤 Marshes of Jiu Gao6 he saw terraces with flowing water, set up traps around the edges and caught fish. Once strange weather came, with 霹靂 rumbling thunder, 玄鶴 black cranes flying behind, and white tigers growling in front. This seemed to be a bad omen, so Shang Liang stayed at home and played Pili Yin. (The author) thinks ordinary people do not encounter this type of weather, so maybe it really concerns King Zhuang of Chu. King Zhuang had a qin called 繞梁 Rao Liang and he was skilled at the qin....

Regarding the mention of black cranes, it is not clear how or whether this is connected to their mention in connection with Shi Kuang.

Footnotes (Shorthand references are explained on a separate page)

1. 楚商梁 15473.xxx; 商梁 3438.xxx; 莊王

2. 10 lines

3. 楚莊王 15473.104; also see the entries in Qin Shi on Fan Ji and in Qin Shi Bu on Chu Zhuang Wang)

4. Such a title is mentioned, e.g., in TKW Qin Fu, p.744, Pili Yin.

5. 霹靂引 ; YFSJ p.828 quotes Qin Lun by #100 Xie Xiyi saying 夏禹 Xia Yu wrote Pili Yin; it then gives a version of the Chu Shang Liang story. Pili Yin is also #5 of the Nine 引 Preludes in Cai Yong's Qin Cao.

6. Gao is written like 23241: for this see under He Ming Jiugao.


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