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Qin Melodies connected to Xi'an and vicinity
Xi'an, a city in southern Shaanxi Province, is the modern name for Chang An 1
Chang'an in history2                      

  1. 文汪曲 Wen Wang Qu
    The Zhou establish their capital at Fengjing/Haojing, near Chang An

  2. 渭濱吟 Weibin Yin and
  3. Shi Xian
    While walking by the Wei River, which flows near Chang An, Wen Wang finds an advisor, Lü Shang

  4. 大雅     Da Ya
    Attributed to the Duke of Zhou, a son of Wen Wang

  5. 風雷     Feng Lei Yin
    King Cheng of Zhou, ruling from Haojing, realizes the Duke of Zhou is loyal

  6. 清靜經 Qingjing Jing
    Extracts and paraphrases from the Dao De Jing, supposedly written by Laozi at Louguan Tai, west of Chang'an.

  7. 李陵思漢 Li Ling Si Han
    Li Ling thinks of life back home in Chang An

  8. 漢宮秋 Han Gong Qiu (with 憶關山 Yi Guanshan)
    Ban Jieyu mourns in her secluded palace in Chang An

  9. 龍朔操 Longshuo Cao
    Wang Zhaojun, given to a Xiongnu prince, must leave the seraglio in Chang An

  10. 陽關三疊 Yangguan Sandie
    Wang Wei bids farewell at Weicheng to a friend heading west up the Wei River from Chang An

  11. 十八學士登瀛州 Shiba Xueshi Deng Yingzhou; also: 瀛州 Ying Zhou
    The founding of the Hanlin Academy, established in Chang An during the Tang dynasty

  12. 操縵引 Caoman Yin (and 仙翁操 Xianweng Cao)
    Concerns Chen Tuan, in whose honor a temple was built below Huashan, about 80 miles east of Chang'an

Footnotes (Shorthand references are explained on a separate page)

1 Xi'an, Chang'an and Southern Shaanxi
西安 Xi'an may also be written Xi An; "Xian" is incorrect as that spelling is normally pronounced as a single syllable. The Wade-Giles system had Hsi-An. "Sian" can also be found in older writings.

山西 Shānxī (formerly "Shensi") is now formally written "Shaanxi" to distinguish it from the neighboring province of 陝西 Shǎnxī, formerly "Shansi" but now normally written "Shanxi". (Logic: "ā" is a flat tone, so it is extended; contrast the 國語羅馬字 Gwoyeu Romatzyh system [Wikipedia], sometimes called the Harvard romanization system, where the third tone "a" [ǎ] is written "aa".)

Cháng'ān 長安 is sometimes written Changan, but Chang'an is more correct as Chan'gan is another possible division of the syllables.

2 Chang'an in history
This image, "Map of the sites of four former imperial capitals near modern-day Xi'an", was copied from Arthur Cotterell, The Imperial Capitals of China, New York, The Overlook Press, 2008, p. 43.

The map does not show old Zhou capital, Fengjing/Haojing, which was on the 灃河 Feng River, the unnamed river shown on the left side of the map running north into the Wei River. It is just west of "Er Fang Palace" (elsewhere 阿房宫 Afang Palace), the site of the famous tomb of Qin Shihuang.

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